Infertility cases are increasing day by day due to changing lifestyles. As an unhealthy lifestyles provoke the causes of Infertility. Infertility is defined as the inability to conceive a pregnancy despite unprotected sexual intercourse. It affects about 1 in 6 couples of reproductive age. Infertility can have traumatising physical, emotional, and financial effects. The most fertile period in humans is between the ages of 20 – 28. This time 90% of couples achieve conception. While a couple of ages 29-33 with a normal functioning reproductive system has only a 20 to 25% chance of conceiving. 70% of couples get success after six months of trying without medical assistance.
In women, problems with the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and uterus can all cause infertility, while in the men it is caused by low sperm motility, poor sperm counts etc. One of the most important risk factors is age. Smoking, alcohol use, stress, and extreme weight gain or loss can also affect ability to get and stay pregnant. But is this end of the world?? No!! There is always a “Ray of Hope”! Couples who are having difficulty conceiving should talk to the fertility specialist doctor. Surgery, medications, intrauterine insemination and assisted reproductive technology have all helped people with infertility have healthy pregnancies. Medical science augmented with advanced technological breakthroughs has majorly improved the success rates of ART.